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Varicose veins aren't just unsightly; they can be painful as well as develop more serious complications. That's why it's important they be evaluated by a physician and treated. Here's what you need to know about this common vascular problem.
What Are Varicose Veins?
When the veins in the legs and feet have valves that don't work properly, they become varicose. This means they become enlarged from pooling blood, which then causes the veins to twist and become purple. Becomes the veins are enlarged and spiraling, they can move blood efficiently.
Who Gets Varicose Veins?
Varicose veins are common in pregnant women. This is because of the increased blood volume that occurs during pregnancy. Obesity, normal aging, working a job that requires standing for long periods of time, especially in one place, and inactivity are other common reasons varicose veins develop. They also tend to run in families, and the propensity may be inherited. Women are more likely than men to develop varicose veins, most likely due to pregnancy.
What Are Common Varicose Vein Complications?
Veins are the vascular highway that carries oxygen throughout the body. If the road is full of winding curves rather than the straight shot it normally is, it can slow or even block the flow. Varicose veins can become infected. This is called phlebitis and will result in swelling, localized pain, redness, and heat. They can also become blocked by a blood clot, which is called thrombophlebitis and is a medical emergency. This is a common complication in those with varicose veins who also smoke cigarettes.
It's not uncommon for diabetics with varicose veins to develop skin ulcers on or near prominent, bulging varicose veins. Diabetics have an extra difficult time with the circulation in their legs as well as slowed wound healing. Varicose veins may also spontaneously burst, with blood pooling beneath the skin and causing horrible looking bruises. Most of the time, this is a minor albeit unsightly complication, but it can also indicate a more serious problem and your physician should be consulted.
How Are Varicose Veins Treated?
Quitting smoking, exercise, eating well, and not standing in one place for long can help reduce the dull ache that commonly accompanies varicose veins. Compression stocking can help as well. None of these will cure varicose veins, however. Traditional surgery, laser surgery, and a new treatment that involves injecting a chemical into the vein are the best treatment options.
For more information, contact your local varicose vein treatment service.Share
24 July 2018